There has been an increase in Ophthalmological disorders worldwide; especially in the Asian part of the world. Disorders like cataract, glaucoma, squint and other eye-related disorders are increasing because of our age, changed lifestyle, stress, bad food habits, overindulgence in alcohol and other addictions.

You will be surprised to know  Magnitude of visual impairment in India

Over 100 people who were visually impaired, of whom 65% people had low vision and 35% are blind.

By age: Visual impairment is unequally distributed across age groups. More than 82% of all people who are blind are 50 years of age and older, although they represent only 19% of the District’s population. Due to the expected number of years lived in blindness (blind years), childhood blindness remains a significant problem.
By gender: Females have a significantly higher risk of being visually impaired than males.

Geographically: Visual impairment is not distributed uniformly throughout the District. Mainly it is found that most of the people comes under are poor.

Urban/ Rural Divide: Rural areas had an overall prevalence of 1.63% as against the prevalence of 1.01 % in the urban. The access to service facilities is the most important factor in determining these differences.

Main causes of blindness and visual impairment

Main cause of increasing the blindness and visual impairment is unawareness among people and poverty

    • Chronic eye diseases are the main cause of vision loss. Uncorrected refractive errors and then un-operated cataract are the top two causes of vision impairment. Un-operated cataract remains the leading cause of blindness in low- and middle-income countries.
    • Over 80% of all vision impairment can be prevented or cured.
    • Uncorrected refractive errors, 15%
    • Un-operated cataract, 60%
    • Age-related macular degeneration 4%
    • Glaucoma, 2%
    • Diabetic retinopathy 1%.

We have keen interest for serving people & Changes may occur in above statistical data thorough overall socioeconomic development, concerted public health action, increased availability of eye care services, awareness of the general population about solutions to the problems related to vision impairment (surgery, refraction devices, etc.),availability of proper equipment hampers providing eye careThe old saying “prevention is better than cure” is very relevant in today’s scenario because if we take care of our food habits, lifestyle, exercise, do not overindulge in alcohol, prevent children from watching continues T.V. and video games and do not unnecessarily stress ourselves.

We will go a long way in preventing eye related disorders.
Dr Amandeep Sing Arora
M.B.B.S, M.S, F.V.R.S, F.I.C.O